Using a Regular Counterbalance lift truck
1 Prior to using the machinery, perform a pre-shift check. OSHA guidelines do state that pre-shift checklists have to be performed each day or every shift. Each different machinery together with its attachments has its own checklist listing brakes, steering, lights, emergency brakes, controls, horn and safety features.
2 When starting up the machine and check the controls, it is essential to make sure that the seatbelt is fastened and the seat has been adjusted for your maximum comfort. Look beneath the machinery after you move it for any indications of leaks. The operation of every kind of forklift is different.
3 The basic operation of a vehicle is basically as opposed to a regular motor vehicle. The forklift has a rear end swing of the lift truck occurs because the truck steers utilizing its rear wheels. Forgetting this detail is a main cause of accidents and injuries to workers. The nearly 90-degree turn from the front wheels should be made with great caution. These top-heavy equipment have a high center of gravity even without a load. When transporting or lifting a load this top-heaviness is exacerbated.
4 Keep forks close to the floor when traveling. Use caution when approaching loads. Be sure the forks line up properly with the pallet. Lift the load only as high as is needed, tilting it back to help stabilize the machinery. Only drive backwards if the load is so bulky that it interferes with the vision of the driver.
5 Check the wheels on trailers/trucks before unloading and loading. Do not travel on slopes, specially when carrying a load. The equipment is susceptible to tip-overs on an incline. When driving on an incline is necessary, always drive up the slope and back down. The load must be kept on the uphill side of the truck.
6 The lift truck operator must always be in firm control at all times. Tipping over is the main cause of operator injuries. The driver should never try to jump out of the truck in the event of a tip-over. The safest method is to lean away from the direction of fall while gripping the steering wheel and bracing your feet.