Classification of Forklift Trucks
Forklift trucks have been working its magic for roughly 100 years now. Even now, this type of machinery is found in every warehouse operation throughout the world.
Because of WWI, there were shortages of manpower which ed to the creation of the very first forklifts. Businesses like Yale & Town and Clark introduced the material handling equipment which utilized powered lift tractors in their factories. In the year 1918, Clark saw the potential for these machines and began selling them.
It was during the 1920s that the design of forklifts evolved from a basic tractor with an attachment to a dedicated machinery which was equipped with a vertical lifting mast. The forklift developed and became more sophisticated with WWII. The forklift played a key role during this time in the handling of supplies for different armies all around the world. It was also at this time that the introduction of the wooden pallet proved the need for the lift truck within the material handling industry.
As soon as the Second World War ended, the forklift gained momentum and continued to develop. During the 1950s, forklifts that use batteries made an appearance. There were other more specialized forklift models introduced such as the Narrow Aisle Reach truck. This particular kind was made by the Raymond Corporation. In the 1960s and 1970s, improvements were made within the electronic controls area. This made forklifts much more versatile and businesses were able to look at warehouse efficiency.
These days, the forklift could be powered by various fuel options like diesel, electrical battery, CNG or compressed natural gas, gasoline, LPG or liquid propane gas. The very first hybrid forklift was developed by Mitsubishi. It now runs on lithium ion and diesel battery. This kind utilizes 39 percent less fuel compared to existing models. Statistics show that its carbon dioxide emissions are approximately 14.6 tons less compared to those kinds of forklifts that are powered by IC or internal combustion engines.