Using both electric and internal combustion (IC) trucks have various advantages and disadvantages.
Electric engines cost less to maintain during their life span because they require much less maintenance. The battery must last five years minimum if the manufacturer's guidelines for maintenance and charging are followed. Overnight charging expenses are generally low. Electric trucks tend to be very maneuverable and compact units, particularly the three-wheel models. Drive, lift, tilt, auxiliary and acceleration speeds are adjustable and can be changed depending on the use and the preferences of the driver. Electric trucks are not noisy, and are easier on the environment.
Electric trucks are not best to use in wet conditions. Due to the need for battery recharging, they cannot be utilized continuously. They are not suitable on rough terrain. The energy consumption is high on continuous high lifts and ramp work.
IC engine diesel/LPG has the advantage of being suitable for continuous outdoor use and uneven surfaces. With no need for battery charging, the forklift can be utilized throughout the evening and overnight. Supply and transport of fuel must be factored into costs. Initial costs are less than for an electric truck, but long term costs related to fuel and maintenance are higher. IC engines have bigger capacities than electric, but less adaptability. LPG could be utilized in some indoor applications. IC Engine diesel/LPG produces higher emissions and more noise compared to electric. LPG has lower emissions than diesel.