There are actually 2 types of lift trucks, based mostly on whether or not they run on gas or electricity:
Internal Combustion or IC Forklifts: The Internal Combustion Forklifts run on gas, liquid propane, compressed natural gas or CNG or diesel. The gas powered models are meant to be utilized outside since they emit gases and pollutants which can be dangerous if inhaled. Units that run on gasoline are also suitable to be used in bad weather conditions and in the rain. These units could lift weights roughly 15,000 to 35,000 pounds. Because of the fuel costs and maintenance, units that run on gas are more costly to utilize than models which run on electricity, although, they cost much less up front compared to the electric units. Units that run on liquid propane are the best option for safe use inside.
Electric Lift Trucks: The electric forklift models are powered by very huge batteries which should be recharged. The equipments do not create any polluting air emissions as these models do not burn any fuel. They are the best option for indoor use and warehouses. Moreover, forklifts which run on electricity do not need any fuel storage units and they are much quieter to run than other models. One of the disadvantages of electric powered models is that they are unable to carry cargo more than 15,000 pounds and hence, have a slower acceleration compared to gasoline powered models.
The lift truck is particularly designed to transport objects and materials quickly and easily. Mishaps do happen on a regular basis like is the case with most types of vehicles. There are some safety regulations that should be followed to be able to keep everyone safe. The most vital concern is recruiting a qualified operator, who can show you a valid forklift license.
There are many different types of forklifts available on the market. Deciding which one is best for your specific requirements will be based on the types of loads that you have to transport, what type of environment your equipment would have to operate in, like for example, indoors or outdoors or both. Once you understand your specific requirements, it will be very easy to match up to the best type of forklift. When you understand all your needs exactly you will be able to make a correct choice.
Another great way to get first hand experience on the various lift truck units is the try renting your forklift. This will also allow you to see all the possible options available to you. This is a cheaper way to know if the kind of machine you have in mind can keep up with you on the job location.