Forklift Parts in More Detail
A forklift is constructed from thousands of parts. The major components which make up a forklift truck are the truck frame, the engine parts, the overhead guard, the wheels and the tilt cylinders. What's more, a forklift consists of different kinds of attachments. All the components making up a lift truck are all important as they work together to make the equipment's operation possible. The following paragraphs describe in detail some of the lift truck parts.
The Overhead Guard - this guard forms the lift truck's metal roof. It sits above the cab area and protects the machine operator while she or he is sitting and driving. The overhead guard makes sure that nothing falling from above onto the truck will damage the controls inside the cab or harm the operator. The overhead guard is essential to the frame assembly on several units.
The Mast - Mounted either to the forklift frame or the front axle, the mast is the vertical lift truck part made of interlocking rails. The mast allows the forks to move upwards and down whilst providing lateral stability. The interlocking rails can either have rollers or bushings as guides. There are two ways the mast may be operated: hydraulically by one or more hydraulic cylinders or chain operated with motive power provided by a hydraulic motor.
Forklift Carriage - the forks and other kinds of attachments are mounted to the carriage. The carriage is attached to the mast directly to the hydraulic cylinder or it is attached by chains. To allow the forks to be lowered and raised, the carriage can have either rollers or bushings to guide it in the interlocking mast rails.
Load Back Rest - When the carriage is raised to full height, there is a back rest made of metal that prevents a load from falling backwards. The back rest is either welded or bolted on to the carriage.
Lift Truck Attachments - a range of attachments could be fixed to the front of the forklift truck. The most common attachment is forks. In addition, there are rollers, rotators, L-shaped members, roll clamps, pole handlers and and all that. These different attachments are very helpful for transporting various kinds of loads.