Springfield is the 3rd largest city within Missouri State in the USA. It is the county seat of Greene County and had a population of around 159,498 during 2010 according to the census. This figure showed an increase of 5.2% ever since the 2000 census. The Springfield Metropolitan Area includes Webster, Dallas, Christian, Polk and Greene counties, and their combined population came in at 436,712. Springfield is known as the birthplace of Route 66 and the city was known as the Queen City of the Ozarks.
In the year 1803, the territory referred to as Missouri was included within the Louisiana Purchase. Not long afterwards, the Delaware Native Americans were given land treaty where Springfield's Sequiota Park and the antique stores of Galloway Village are presently located. The Kickapoo Native Americans constructed wickiups on the prairie towards the west and that region still these days bears their name.
On August 10, the year 1821, Missouri became a state. The legislature in 1833 designated most of the southern region as a single county. The area was named for General Nathanael Greene, a prominent figure within the American Revolutionary War. The name was chosen largely because of a campaign by Springfield's founder, John Polk Campbell, to be able to honor a man he really admired.
The main economy within the city is based on manufacturing, health care, tourism, education and retail. During the year 2004, the Gross Metropolitan Product of 13.66 billion makes up roughly 6.7% of Missouri's Gross State Product.
The top main employers in the year 2008 were St. John's Health System, the United States Government, Wal-Mart Stores, CoxHealth, Bass Pro Shops/Tracker Marine, Springfield Public Schools, Citizens Memorial Healthcare and Missouri State.
Battlefield Mall is the largest shopping mall within the region. The total retail sales of the Springfield MSA are more than $5.8 billion each year, whereas Springfield alone accounts for around $4.1 billion yearly. Approximately over 3 million overnight visitors and millions of day trippers go to Springfield each year, according to the Springfield Convention & Visitors Bureau. There are over 6000 hotel rooms and over 60 lodging facilities. Each and every year, the Convention & Visitors Bureau spends over 1 million dollars marketing the city as a travel destination.
The city boasts about 92 city parks, which include the Botanical Center at Nathanael Greene/Close Memorial Park, 3 golf courses, a zoo, and other parks, that are owned or managed by the Springfield-Greene County Park Board. There are numerous programs provided by the center like Hearts n' Parks, encouraging people to enjoy and take part in outdoor recreation. The department uses a network of trails and linear parks that run nearby to unique areas of the Ozarks like creek beds and springs.
Some well-known companies have their headquarters in the City of Springfield. For example, John Q. Hammons Hotels, BKD, Assemblies of God, LLP, Bass Pro Shops, Noble & Associates, Prime INC and O'Reilly Auto Parts.